Dunstanburgh Castle

Dunstanburgh Castle(Craster)

Dunstanburgh Castle
4.5
上午10:00 - 下午5:00
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上午10:00 - 下午5:00
星期二
上午10:00 - 下午5:00
星期三
上午10:00 - 下午5:00
星期四
上午10:00 - 下午5:00
星期五
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星期六
上午10:00 - 下午5:00
星期日
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4.5
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M Rose
英国兰开夏郡163 条分享
You can do a lovely walk starting in the Craster Quarry car park. The castle itself is incredibly picturesque and a great spot for taking photos. The walk back along the coast was lovely.
撰写日期:2022年8月5日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。
Thanks for your lovely review. Dunstanburgh Castle is designed to dominate the landscape and to be seen for miles around. We look forward to welcoming you again.
撰写日期:2022年8月7日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Jon H
6 条分享
Having been through some bad health recently it became a pilgrimage to return to the castle that I visited in my childhood and when my first born was small. Stopping many times with a temporary chair en route, I finally made it to the castle walls - and why - it is spectacular, its ruinous, its brooding, it is magnificent. Later in the evening over a pint in the Jolly Fisherman I looked back at the castle with a sense of achievement that only a few hours earlier I had been able to haul myself to its highest point with its magnificent vista over Embleton bay and the North Sea. In terms of a review, there is now an eco toilet and the shop has interesting things to buy. There are coffees available but I would recommend a long summers day with a picnic. There is no commercialisation like at the likes of Alnwick Castle. It is better for it, a superb day, a superb place.
撰写日期:2022年8月2日
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Thank you for your lovely review. Dunstanburgh Castle is ideal for a picnic with lots of open space, and we can even help you top up your picnic with a few snacks from the shop. We look forward to welcoming you again.
撰写日期:2022年8月7日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Karen D
英国Caterham22 条分享
What a lovely place! The walk to the castle goes across the fields right on the seafront and is about 1.5 miles from where you park. Make sure you go to the toilet at the car park as there isn’t one at the site itself. Bring your binoculars as there are plenty of birds to see here.
撰写日期:2022年7月25日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。
Thank you for your lovely review. Dunstanburgh Castle is a mile and a half from anywhere, and has no piped water or mains electricity, but we do manage to run a coffee machine. We look forward to welcoming you again.
撰写日期:2022年8月7日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

GlasgowWinenut
Glasgow2,281 条分享
夫妻情侣
A fairly long walk through sheep and cow fields before you reach this impressive ruin. Entry fee with a small shop and 3 new toilets. Impressive views and you can see kittewakes.
撰写日期:2022年7月24日
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Thanks for your review. Dunstanburgh Castle charges entry but is free for members of English Heritage and National Trust. We look forward to welcoming you again.
撰写日期:2022年8月7日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Yvette R
英国切姆斯福德1 条分享
夫妻情侣
We parked at Craster to do the walk to Dunstanburgh Castle. Everything was going fine and it is a beautiful walk up to the castle. There were some cows in the field and lots of people were walking with dogs. We had our dog with us who was on a lead and completely under control not paying any attention to the cows but one rogue and aggressive cow took a dislike to him and started running at us with the rest of the herd following. This cow most definitely wanted to get at our dog. The whole herd were surrounding us and we had to run very quickly onto the rocks to escape the the main cow trying to follow us there. We had to hide behind a rock for quite a while and made a quick run for it once the cows had moved to the top of the field. To say I was extremely frightened and upset is an understatement. Two other ladies who were walking a short distance behind us also had the same treatment and had to scramble down with us.
撰写日期:2022年7月10日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。
Thank you for your review. We are sorry that you have had a poor experience with the cows on route to Dunstanburgh Castle. If you wish to visit on another occaision, you can walk to us from the north, avoiding the cows. We look forward to welcome you inside the Castle on another occaision.
撰写日期:2022年7月17日
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Carol B
英国伯明翰5,777 条分享
Friday 17th June 2022, my husband and I decided to go to Dunstanburgh Castle under the care of the English Heritage.

My husband and I drove to Craster and parked our car in the car park. We then changed into our walking boots to walk to the castle. It is a two and a half mile costal walk to the castle through fields with sheep and cattle. The scenery is awesome and the warm wind was blowing off the sea, so it was a beautiful day to do the walk. We took lots of lovely photographs of the scenery and the castle.

The name Dunstanburgh – which translates as ‘the fort’ (burgh) ‘of the town’ (dun) ‘by the rock’ (stan) – was in existence in the second decade of the 14th century, when the castle was first built.

In 2003, English Heritage archaeologists confirmed that the headland on which the castle stands had indeed been occupied during the Iron Age and early Roman periods. Observation and surveying near the castle’s south curtain wall revealed that the ridge-and-furrow field system, which pre-dated the stone wall, cut into an earlier earth bank, now visible as the edge of the dry ditch along the south side.

Dunstanburgh Castle was begun in 1313 on the orders of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (d. 1322), Lord of the barony of Embleton in which the site lay.

From his father, the king’s younger brother Edmund ‘Crouchback’, Thomas had inherited one of the largest and richest aristocratic estates in England, with substantial holdings in the north Midlands and Yorkshire. The Embleton barony was far removed from his centre of power.

Just before he inherited, war broke out between England and Scotland. But although the border lay dangerously close, only 25 miles north, Thomas was less concerned with border security than with his own protection.

This was particularly the case after April 1312, when he and other earls led an army against Edward II and the king’s favourite and alleged lover, Piers Gaveston. The king escaped by sea, but the earls captured Gaveston at Scarborough.

During his journey to London under arrest, they summarily executed him in Warwickshire, on Lancaster’s land.

Edward II had good cause to seek revenge for his favourite’s death, and although he issued a formal pardon to those who had risen against Gaveston, it was soon afterwards that Thomas began preparations for a new castle on his northernmost estate.

In August 1319 Earl Thomas passed through Dunstanburgh en route to the siege of Berwick, and it was the only time that he ever saw his new castle.

In 1321 and 1322, Thomas again led military action against the forces of Edward II and his new favourites, the father and son Hugh Despenser. When it became apparent that this campaign would fail, Thomas and his adherents planned to retreat to Dunstanburgh, as it was the safest and most remote stronghold in his possession. But a royalist army intercepted and defeated them at Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, on 16 March 1322, and Thomas was captured.

After a humiliating trial, Lancaster was beheaded at his own castle at Pontefract. The king took Dunstanburgh Castle into his own hands, garrisoning it with 40 foot soldiers and 40 hobelars (lightly armed cavalry).

Dunstanburgh Castle was completed soon afterwards. The name Lilburn Tower suggests that it was John de Lilburn, joint constable between 1322 and 1323, who finished building the tower overlooking Embleton beach and Gull Crag. By April 1326, the castle had been returned to Earl Thomas’s younger brother Henry, who succeeded him as Earl of Lancaster.

Edward III’s fourth son, John of Gaunt, inherited Dunstanburgh Castle in 1362 as part of the Duchy of Lancaster, by right of his marriage to Blanche, Henry of Lancaster’s granddaughter.

He did little to the castle until 1380, when a visit to the Scottish marches, of which he was now lieutenant, convinced him of the shortcomings of the defences there. Over three years, he made several important changes to the castle’s layout.

Finally, in 1383 a new entrance was made on the castle’s western flank, complete with barbicans and a drawbridge. The carriageway of the great gatehouse was probably blocked at this time, and John of Gaunt’s gate became the castle’s main entrance. The former gatehouse was re-named ‘donjon’, the lord’s tower – in modern parlance, the castle keep.

In 1399, John of Gaunt’s son claimed the throne as Henry IV, and the Duchy of Lancaster was annexed to the Crown. Numerous accounts survive from the reign of Henry VI, showing that various buildings in the castle were repaired, furnished or rebuilt during this time. They reveal, for example, that the king’s hall and great chamber lay on the top floor of the former great gatehouse.

The military history of Dunstanburgh Castle during the Wars of the Roses in the 15th century (fought between the houses of York and Lancaster for possession of the English throne) was eventful.

The joint constable of Dunstanburgh, Sir Ralph Percy, had Lancastrian sympathies, and held the castle for Henry VI even after the Yorkist victory at Towton in March 1461. After a brief submission to the Yorkist’s later in the year, he declared again for Lancaster in 1462 in support of Queen Margaret of Anjou who had landed at Bamburgh with a French army.

The Yorkist commanders, the Earls of Warwick and Worcester, then besieged Dunstanburgh again; the writer Sir Thomas Malory fought under their command. Even though Percy capitulated on Christmas Eve 1362, it was only in June 1464 that the Yorkists secured the castle for good.

In the late 15th and 16th centuries, Dunstanburgh Castle was in decline. Too large and expensive to maintain, its decaying walls provided a tempting source of stone for other buildings, while its strategic weakness – lying too far from the Scottish border, and too distant from the main road – was all too apparent.

In 1543 the curtain walls were in poor repair, the lead roofs of some buildings were partly missing, and only the gatehouse was deemed habitable.

It was in 1594 that the widow Alice Craster took up residence using the castle as the centre of a farming estate. Ten years later – a year after the union of the English and Scottish crowns sealed the castle’s redundancy in national affairs – James I sold Dunstanburgh into private ownership. In 1605 it passed to Sir Ralph Grey, owner of nearby Howick Hall.

In the 17th century Dunstanburgh reverted to arable land. Francis Place’s sketch, made in 1678, shows harvest under way in the fields west of the castle, and in 1695 ‘240 Winchester bushels of corn’ and several cartloads of hay were harvested inside the castle walls.

Place’s sketch also reveals the ruinous state of the buildings by the 1670s. Not surprisingly, artists including JMW Turner found great appeal in the dramatic appearance of the ruins, particularly against the background of a storm at sea.

In the 19th and early 20th centuries the ruins changed hands several times. In 1869 Samuel Eyres of Leeds purchased Dunstanburgh from the Earl of Tankerville, and in the early 20th century it passed to Sir Arthur Sutherland, who struggled to pay for maintenance.
In 1929 the ruins passed into the guardianship of the Office of Works, on behalf of the freeholder, the National Trust, which continues to manage the adjacent stretches of coastline.

My husband and I spent over three hours mooching round this interesting castle and enjoying the awesome scenery and we took lots of photographs. I even found inspiration here as I wrote two poems called ‘Warm Kiss of Home’ and ‘Raptures Of The Wind’.

My husband and I would have liked to stay here longer, however, they had to close the castle due to high winds (we did not think they were that bad), so we then walked back to Craster to collect our car from the car park.

This historic castle is well worth a visit if you are in the area.
撰写日期:2022年7月6日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。
Thank you for the lengthy review. Sadly, owing to Dunstanburgh Castle's location on the top of a peice of the Whin Sill, we are surrounded by cliff edges which become very dangerous for visitors in high winds. We look forward to welcoming you on a calmer day.
撰写日期:2022年7月10日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

KP11347
英国Coggeshall833 条分享
夫妻情侣
We took the wonderful walk along the coast path from Craster with the evocative sight of Dunstanburgh Castle ahead of us. In arriving at the castle (which is run by English Heritage) I went to buy tickets and was asked if we were members of the National Trust. It transpires that NT own the land and entrance is free to members. Although there is not a great deal of the castle remaining we thoroughly enjoyed our visit and the windy return to Craster.
撰写日期:2022年7月2日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。
Thank you for your lovely review. Dunstanburgh Castle is surrounded by National Trust land and we welcome in National Trust members in the same way we welcome English Heritage members. We look forward to welcoming you again.
撰写日期:2022年7月3日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Bernardo2000
英国莱切斯特21 条分享
家庭
Arrived at approximately 3:30pm on Tuesday 28th June after an atmospheric and enjoyable walk along the coastal path from Craster. We were greeted at the gate by a really friendly, genuine and knowledgeable member of staff who told us everything we needed to know and a brief history of the castle. Popped into the shop for a drink where we were greeted by another very friendly staff member.

Had a great look around the castle ruins, taking in the breathtaking scenery. Recommend taking the steps up to the top of one of the towers to really make the most of the view. The new composting toilets are very good (although signage on the gate at Craster could do with updating as it currently says there are no facilities available).

A very nice afternoon out and good value for money. English Heritage - your staff here are a credit to you!
撰写日期:2022年6月28日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。
Thank you for your lovely review. Staff at Dunstanburgh Castle work hard to welcome you and help you to make the most of yur visit. We look forward to welcoming you again.
撰写日期:2022年7月3日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Cathy J
27 条分享
夫妻情侣
We were unsure if we should pay to go and look at the ruins but we're glad we did. Great views, especially from the top of the tower.
撰写日期:2022年6月22日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。
Thank you for your lovely review. Dunstanburgh Castle is the largest castle by area in Northumberland, great views in all directions. We look forward to welcoming you again.
撰写日期:2022年7月3日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Richard M
英国Hampstead Norreys719 条分享
We visited the castle as part of a longer walk in the area. The coastal location is stunning and the castle is pretty huge. There is a keep that you can climb for some incredible views and on the other side you can see the nesting seabirds which is a delight.
撰写日期:2022年6月19日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。
Thanks for your lovely review. Dunstanburgh Castle is home to a multitude of nesting sea birds including Kittywakes, Fulmars and Razorbills. We look forward to welcoming you again.
撰写日期:2022年7月3日
此回复为企业代表所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor 有限责任公司的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

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