Mound Key Archeological State Park

Mound Key Archeological State Park

Mound Key Archeological State Park
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州立公园 • 自然与野生动物区
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4.0
10 条点评
极佳
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非常好
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很糟糕
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Jeff P
comer, ga1 条分享
2021年6月
My spouse and I kayaked to Mound Key today (6/22/2021). We were looking forward to hiking the trail and reading the interpretive kiosks. Unfortunately we very disappointed as the northwest and southeast landings and hiking trail appear to no longer be maintained, useable or passable. We found and tried to access both. The dock and boardwalk on the south side of the island has a sign stating "No Trespassing, Private Property" and has a locked gate preventing access to the island. The Florida State Park website for Mound Key needs to be updated in order to properly manage the expectations of visitors. Hopefully this state park will get the attention it needs to be a nice destination for kayakers in the future.
撰写日期:2021年6月22日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Joe C.
54 条分享
2019年6月 • 独自旅游
Kayaked over from Lover’s Key. Very peaceful time. Loved walking around the area. Bring your own refreshments and sunscreen. Lots of seabirds and evidence of turtles. Greeted by a pod of dolphins when we left. Great time.
撰写日期:2019年6月26日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Lwlittrell
佛罗里达迈尔斯堡海滩213 条分享
2019年4月 • 夫妻情侣
This would be such a cool place if more signage to know how to get there was available! Also, along the trails, maybe more signage and explanations as to what you are walking on! We knew because we had been to the mound house and so we understood how the mounds got there, but most people would be underwhelmed if they didn’t understand along the way, especially the highest points, what that meant in terms of effort by the natives to build these areas up and what they were probably used for. The few signs at the beginning are nice but it would be great if they could expand on it by adding signage along the way! Saw some pretty plants....and be careful of he cactus!!!!!
撰写日期:2019年4月11日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

marknovit
佛罗里达埃斯特罗10 条分享
2018年3月 • 好友
Well worth the trip by boat to get there. The history - recommend going with a guide/story teller. Hoping to have Lee county purchase the entire island thru 2020 funds.
撰写日期:2019年2月12日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

387indy
佛罗里达科勒尔斯普林斯4,762 条分享
2018年11月 • 独自旅游
Its a small island off Ft Myers in Estero Bay that is accessible only by boat. Before the Seminoles, the state was home to several tribes that were wiped out. Southwest Florida was home to the Calusa, who were sailors and fishermen. Mound Key has a museum, boat tours.
撰写日期:2018年11月27日
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Maudlinberry
肯塔基路易斯维尔46 条分享
2018年4月 • 家庭
We went not expecting much - but the history of this place was pretty amazing. The home and gardens, the mound and the cult ties all made for a good story. The tour guide was fun and kept everyone interested - even the teen girls. It was fun to imagine the native Americans who lived there and their everyday life
撰写日期:2018年6月4日
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jim p
佛罗里达迈尔斯堡91 条分享
2018年4月 • 家庭
125 acre island is accessible by water only. Many won't know about the Calusa and their part in the Spanish conquest of the area. This is where it happened. The trail is about 30 feet up at one point. Hurricane Irma did make a mess of the mangroves and the 2 entrances are hard to find. Iv'e seen rattlesnakes on the island so I would avoid going off trail. As always May to October is mosquito season. Pretty tough on the island then.
撰写日期:2018年4月16日
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Tramachef
佛罗里达那不勒斯66 条分享
2017年10月 • 好友
You can take a kayak or even a boat with a shallow draft to here and spend a couple hours exploring and having lunch. The island has no facilities so you need to bring food and plenty of fluids. There are a couple raccoons that love to eat your lunch so watch your stuff. Also lots of moscitos in summer
撰写日期:2017年10月14日
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maritimeexplorer
加拿大新斯科舍3,934 条分享
2017年4月 • 夫妻情侣
I've been coming to SW Florida for almost 40 years and have been fascinated with the history of the Calusa Indians, who once called this area their home for well over a millennia. That wasn't always the case. Before my first trip to Florida I'd heard of the Seminoles, Creeks and the Miccosukee, but it wasn't until I first walked the Shell Mound Trail in Ding Darling N.W.R. on Sanibel that I encountered the name Calusa. Since then I've been seeking out Calusa sites wherever possible, including the amazing Calusa Heritage Trail on Pine Island. However, there was one spot that I always had my eye on, but was never able to get to - that is until this week. That spot is Mound Key in Estero Bay. Here's why I wanted to get there and how I managed to do it. You can too.

The reason that most people outside of SW Florida have never heard of the Calusas is that they no longer exist and haven't for centuries. Like many other Western Hemisphere aboriginal societies, the Calusas were unable to withstand the onslaught of disease, slavery (often inflicted by other native tribes), warfare and intermarriage that the coming of the Europeans brought to the New World. In just over two hundred years from their first contact with Ponce de Leon in 1513, the Calusa, once a mighty force, were no more.

The Calusa occupied an area that ran roughly from Port Charlotte Harbor to the Florida Keys and their method of living was quite different, if not unique among North American Indian tribes. They were called the Shell Indians because they used sea shells for almost every conceivable purpose. They ate them, made weapons, tools and jewelry from them and most importantly, used shells to create their own distinct environment on which to build their structures. I must admit that when I first learned of Calusa shell mounds on that day in Sanibel, I just assumed they were kitchen middens, ancient garbage dumps, which are found throughout the world. These middens are valuable sources of knowledge for archaeologists, but there are limitations as to what you're going to find in other people's rubbish.

While some of the smaller shell mounds in SW Florida are indeed middens, the great mounds like the ones on Pine Island and on Mound Key, were deliberately made to create an elevated surface which over hundreds of years grew higher and higher. The Calusa were not hunter gatherers in the traditional sense, nor were they agriculturalists like the other Florida tribes. Instead they got almost everything they needed from the abundant waters of SW Florida, particularly the estuaries. They were expert fishermen, using spears, nets and fish traps. What they couldn't get from the sea they obtained from other tribes by way of tribute or barter. The name Calusa apparently means 'fierce' or the fierce people and from the descriptions of early Europeans it appears that they did hold sway over a much larger area than just SW Florida.

There are dozens of islands in Estero Bay and from the water they pretty well all look the same - mangrove lined and virtually inaccessible. However, if look look at an aerial photograph of Mound Key you can see that it's different from it's neighbours. There are clear signs of human intervention indicated by by the white spots and the straight lines present on Mound Key. The fact is that this was once the city of Calos, capital of the Calusa nation and home of the cacique or Calusa king. Imagine that; in a part of the state where history seems almost an afterthought to the natural attractions and great weather that attract millions of visitors a year there is a remnant of an ancient and mostly forgotten kingdom literally right in the middle of it all. Who wouldn't want to visit this place of mystery and discover a vanished civilization?

However, getting to Mound Key is not that simple. It is completely surrounded by a mangrove swamp and finding the tiny entrance will perplex even the most experienced of boaters. Add to that the fact that one can only approach this entrance way on a high tide and you've got yourself one well protected island. It's almost as if the Calusa's somehow put a curse on the place that make sure it's ancient secrets remain undiscovered. That's why I was really excited to read in the illustrious Fort Myers Beach Observer that Mound House, in conjunction with Fish Tale Marina, was offering a twice monthly tour to Mound Key. My wife and I immediately signed up for the next excursion. What follows is a description of what to expect if you want to visit Mound Key and you darn well should.

The Mound Key tour is divided into two distinct parts, both of which are essential to understanding and enjoying the visit to Mound Key. The departure point is Fish Tale Marina on the southern side of Estero Island. The tour is scheduled to run about three hours and is timed to coincide with the highest tides of the month. The cost is $55.00 which includes the $10.00 admission fee to Mound House. The boat is the Estero Bay Express which is a large pontoon boat with a captain and two mates. Also on board was Penny Jarrett, a very experienced guide, knowledgable not only about the Calusa culture, but also the flora and fauna of SW Florida.

After boarding the boat we and about a dozen others, headed for the first stop, Mound House on Fort Myers Beach which I have reviewed separately.

After visiting Mound House to get a background briefing on the Calusas, we motored out into Estero Bay and headed for Mound Key. I half expected that the island would be obvious to spot because of its elevation, but not so. The mangroves that completely surround it give one no indication from the water that Mound Key is any different from any of the other keys in Estero Bay. Also, there's absolutely no signage directing you to Mound Key. You either know how to get here or you don't. Thankfully Captain Justin found the narrow inlet in the mangroves that leads to the only place on the island that you can land anything bigger than a kayak.

This is the only indication that you are in the right spot is a sign welcoming you to Mound Key.

Captain Justin ran the boat up onto a small stretch of sand barely wider than the boat and we disembarked with the help of a set of stairs put down by the mate. Penny then led the way along the single file path that leads to the mounds. Mounds, you say? Again my ignorance shows as I expected Mound Key to be just one big mound. Rather there are three distinct mounds each believed to have served a separate purpose. The largest one probably held the home of the cacique while the smaller ones featured a Calusa temple and, improbably, a Jesuit mission. I say improbably because the Calusas were one of the very few native tribes that never converted to Christianity. However, Spanish records do mention a Jesuit mission on Mound Key. It is estimated that 1,000 or more people lived on Mound Key at that time.

You sure wouldn't know that from what's left today. The reality is that a visit to Mound Key is not going to deliver a Wow moment like some archaeological sites do, however, with a little imagination it is possible to recreate in your mind what this place must have been like a 1,000 years ago.

On the way to the mounds Penny pointed out some of the native trees and shrubs that the Calusa used to make clothing and medicines including the silk cotton tree.
The trail is muddy in just one place for about twenty feet, but after that it starts the climb up to the first mound.

By Florida standards, this is like mountain climbing. At the top there are several interpretive panels documenting the history of Mound Key. It did not end with the destruction of the Calusa empire. First there was an occupation by Cuban fishermen or ranchos that lasted a couple of hundred years and then a brief period of homesteading by Koreshans from the nearby Estero River settlement. Ultimately neither Europeans or new Americans could recreate the successful living environment that had been maintained by the Calusas for over 1,000 years.

Today, looking over the island from the highest mound it looks like a bleak and forbidding land.

Even though it's nearly ninety degrees, at the top of the mounds there is a cooling breeze blowing off the water. It's actually very nice up here even if there isn't much to see. All too soon it's time to head back and we turn back toward the boat.

Back at the marina Alison and I both agree that it's been a tremendously worthwhile excursion and one that anyone with an interest in archaeology or Florida history must do at least once. We're very glad that Mound House and Fish Tale Marina have cooperated in making this possible for everyone. Check out their websites for the next tour.
撰写日期:2017年4月10日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 Tripadvisor LLC 的观点。 Tripadvisor 对点评进行检查。

Minnesotatravelers11
outstate, Minnesota11 条分享
2017年3月 • 夫妻情侣
This is a fascinating historical and archeological Calusa Indian site that dates back more than 800 years. These Indians used mounds of discarded seashells as building sites. These mounds have since been built on but have been exposed and the first cottage in the area is open to tourists. A very interesting day trip.
撰写日期:2017年3月21日
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