Mound Key Archeological State Park

Mound Key Archeological State Park(埃斯特罗)

Mound Key Archeological State Park

Mound Key Archeological State Park
4
州立公园 • 自然与野生动物区
来自旅行者的点评
maritimeexplorer
作者:maritimeexplorer
Hard to Get to, but Worth the Effort
2017年4月
我的时候就来过了将近40年佛罗里达软件并已着迷于卡卢萨印度人的历史,他们曾经打电话给这个地区超过了他们家一个近千年。 这不是一直都是这样。 我第一次去佛罗里达之前我听说过塞米诺尔的,小溪和米科苏基,但这不是我第一次走阿洛马尔局面直到乌龟和鳖展览馆n。 w r sanibel上我遇到卡卢萨名称。 后来我找过尽可能卡卢萨景点,包括令人惊叹的阙卡卢萨遗产的路线上。 然而,有一个地方总是有我上了我的双眼,但从来都没能去 - 直到这周。 在那个地方是土丘关键Estero海湾。 这就是为什么我想要去那里和我是如何做到。 你也可以。 这个原因大部分软件以外的人从来没有听说过佛罗里达Calusas的是他们不再存在了几个世纪的还没有。 就像许多其他土著社会堂会, Calusas都无法承受的肆虐的疾病,奴隶制(通常由其他本机部落不舒服),欢乐谷和通婚的欧洲人的新世界来了。 两百多年的时间内就从他们的第一次接触庞塞徳利昂在1513 ,卡卢萨的,有一次一个政权的强制,没有更多的。 被占领的区域大概是从端口卡卢萨夏洛特海港佛罗里达群岛及其生活方式的方法是完全不同的,如果不是唯一的北美印第安部落。 他们被称为壳印度人因为他们是用贝壳的几乎每一个可以想象的目的。 他们吃这些,让武器,工具和珠宝从他们那里最重要的是,用于创建他们自己的不同的贝壳环境构建的结构。 我必须承认当我第一次了解了当天在sanibel卡卢萨沧海桑田。 我以为他们厨房贝丘,古老的垃圾场,可以发现整个世界。 这些贝丘是宝贵的考古知识的多种来源的,但有很大局限性的东西你会发现其他人的垃圾。 而一些较小的沧海桑田软件确实是在佛罗里达贝丘,很棒的土丘上的照片很像阙和土丘上的关键,故意让我们来创建一个较高的曲面这几百年的历史的发展更高和更高版本。 此地的老猎人卡卢萨不是传统意义上的酒店,也不会像其他部落杂交育种佛罗里达。 而不是他们所需要的一切都得到了几乎他们从佛罗里达的水中丰富的软件,尤其是河口。 他们的渔民的专家,使用天然的,蚊帐和鱼陷阱。 他们不能从海中获得的其他部落的表演方式或通过讨价还价。 名称'凶'或卡卢萨显然意味着凶猛的人从早期的欧洲人和说明他们确实举行过动摇它显示在更大区域中的不只是软件佛罗里达。 这里有许多的小岛Estero海湾和从水上他们也能很好的看起来都一样 - 两旁几乎不和红树林。 然而,如果看一个土丘关键看空中的照片你可以看出它的邻居有很大的不同。 有明显的标志指示的人为干预是由白色的场所和直线的土丘上存在的关键。 事实是觉得这个酒店曾经是城市的Calos ,首都的国家和家庭的飞艇或卡卢萨卡卢萨特大号。 想象; 在一个部分的历史就似乎状态硬挤到自然景点和很棒的天气每年吸引数百万游客来这里的大部分都是由是一个被遗忘的王国是一个古老而实际上就在所有地方的中心。 谁不想来这个地方和发现一个神秘的文明消失了? 然而,去河北的钥匙并不是这么简单。 它周围都是红树林沼泽和找入口很小会困惑的是即使是经验最丰富的人们的。 添加到这一事实上只能这个入口的方式方法上涨潮的时候你已经有了一个和自己过一个受保护的岛屿。 就像如果放在一个诅咒的那个地方在卡卢萨的确保其保持古老的秘密被发现的。 这就是为什么我很高兴看到在迈尔斯堡海滩酒店辉煌的土丘观察器,配合的传说鱼码头,是一个月两次到河北旅游产品的关键。 我和老婆立即签署了下次游览。 接下来是一个值得期待的说明如果你想参观河北的钥匙和你该死的应该很好。 河北旅游分为两个不同部分的关键,这两者都是至关重要的关键是去了解和享受土丘。 故事的起点是鱼码头Estero岛上南边的。 这次旅行是计划运行大约三个小时的时间重合了最高的是定时和每个月的潮汐。 费用是$55 00包括$10 00门票。堆到房子。。 船是一个很大的浮桥Estero海湾快车一艘船的船长和两个同伴。 贾勒特在主板上还是一分钱,一个非常有经验的导游,知识渊博不仅仅是关于卡卢萨文化的,但也是软件的佛罗里达的植物群和动物群。 我们和十几个人登上船后,直奔第一站,河北的房子迈尔斯堡海滩我单独审查。 参观完了房子才买的一个土丘上简要的背景Calusas ,我们坐船出去到Estero海湾和土丘钥匙去了。 我以为半岛会明显的地方因为它的海拔较高,但事实并非如此。 红树林环绕着它给一个完全没有任何指示水土丘关键是不同于任何其他的Estero海湾中的密钥。 另外,这里根本就没有指路标志指引你到河北的关键。 要么你或者你不知道怎么来这。 幸好贾斯汀船长发现入口狭窄的红树林在通往岛上只有一个地方可以比陆地任何一个皮艇。 这是唯一的指示就在你的右边是一个标志的地方欢迎你到河北的关键。 贾斯汀船长的船上跑了一小片沙地几乎没有比床的船和我们上岸的帮助下楼梯到朋友放下来。 然后带一分钱的方式沿着小路通向土丘的单个文件。 土丘,你说? 我再无知也不像我想象的土丘钥匙才能显示只有一个大土丘。 而不是每个有三个明显不同的陵墓被认为有提供单独的用途。 最大的一个可能持有的家乡时有一个较小的寺庙和飞艇卡卢萨,虽然这不太可能,宝安一个任务。 我想说虽然这不太可能因为Calusas都很少一个本机部落从来没有转换为基督教。 然而,西班牙语记录一个土丘上提到了宝安使命的关键。 这是我们预计1, 000或更多的人在这段时间住在土丘上的关键。 你肯定不知道什么是从今天离开。 现实是一个土丘去关键是不会提供一个让人惊叹的那一刻起就像做一些考古遗址,然而,有一个小的想象力可以在你脑海里重新创建这个地方应该像一个1, 000年前。 路上还指出几分钱一堆本土树木和灌木丛的用于制作衣服和药品包括卡卢萨上饶市丝绸。 这条路是泥泞了大约二十英尺的一个地方,但是在那之后就开始爬到第一个土丘。 由佛罗里达的标准来看,这家酒店就像是爬。 顶部有几个关键的历史记录面板解说的土丘。 它没有结尾的销毁卡卢萨帝国。 先是一个统治古巴渔民或兰乔斯持续了几百年的历史了短暂的一段然后homesteading Koreshans Estero河由从附近的定居点。 最终的欧洲人或美国人都可以重新创建新的生活环境的成功保存了Calusas超过1, 000年。 今天,俯瞰岛上最高的土丘看起来像一个阴冷的可怕的土地。 尽管它几乎九十度,顶部的把手上有一个微风冷却下来。 它实际上是非常不错的了这里是即使有没什么可看的。 所有的太快的时间回和我们朝船往回走。 回到码头alison和我都很赞同这是一个特别值得的短途旅行和一个感兴趣的人的不当或者佛罗里达历史必须做至少一次。 我们非常高兴这堆房子和鱼的传说让这一点成为可能每个人都可以应付码头。 看看他们的网站的下一个旅游团。

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4.0
10 条点评
极佳
4
非常好
5
一般
0
较差
0
很糟糕
1

Jeff P
comer, ga1 条分享
Not worth the effort.
2021年6月
My spouse and I kayaked to Mound Key today (6/22/2021). We were looking forward to hiking the trail and reading the interpretive kiosks. Unfortunately we very disappointed as the northwest and southeast landings and hiking trail appear to no longer be maintained, useable or passable. We found and tried to access both. The dock and boardwalk on the south side of the island has a sign stating "No Trespassing, Private Property" and has a locked gate preventing access to the island. The Florida State Park website for Mound Key needs to be updated in order to properly manage the expectations of visitors. Hopefully this state park will get the attention it needs to be a nice destination for kayakers in the future.
撰写日期:2021年6月22日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

Joe C.
54 条分享
Early morning kayaking
2019年6月 • 独自旅游
Kayaked over from Lover’s Key. Very peaceful time. Loved walking around the area. Bring your own refreshments and sunscreen. Lots of seabirds and evidence of turtles. Greeted by a pod of dolphins when we left. Great time.
撰写日期:2019年6月26日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

Lwlittrell
佛罗里达迈尔斯堡海滩213 条分享
Interesting
2019年4月 • 夫妻情侣
This would be such a cool place if more signage to know how to get there was available! Also, along the trails, maybe more signage and explanations as to what you are walking on! We knew because we had been to the mound house and so we understood how the mounds got there, but most people would be underwhelmed if they didn’t understand along the way, especially the highest points, what that meant in terms of effort by the natives to build these areas up and what they were probably used for. The few signs at the beginning are nice but it would be great if they could expand on it by adding signage along the way! Saw some pretty plants....and be careful of he cactus!!!!!
撰写日期:2019年4月11日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

marknovit
佛罗里达埃斯特罗10 条分享
A fascinating island to explore
2018年3月 • 好友
Well worth the trip by boat to get there. The history - recommend going with a guide/story teller. Hoping to have Lee county purchase the entire island thru 2020 funds.
撰写日期:2019年2月12日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

387indy
佛罗里达科勒尔斯普林斯4,593 条分享
Mound Key Archeological State Park
2018年11月 • 独自旅游
Its a small island off Ft Myers in Estero Bay that is accessible only by boat. Before the Seminoles, the state was home to several tribes that were wiped out. Southwest Florida was home to the Calusa, who were sailors and fishermen. Mound Key has a museum, boat tours.
撰写日期:2018年11月27日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

Maudlinberry
肯塔基路易斯维尔45 条分享
Surprisingly Good
2018年4月 • 家庭
We went not expecting much - but the history of this place was pretty amazing. The home and gardens, the mound and the cult ties all made for a good story. The tour guide was fun and kept everyone interested - even the teen girls. It was fun to imagine the native Americans who lived there and their everyday life
撰写日期:2018年6月4日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

jim p
佛罗里达迈尔斯堡83 条分享
Very important historical site of florida
2018年4月 • 家庭
125 acre island is accessible by water only. Many won't know about the Calusa and their part in the Spanish conquest of the area. This is where it happened. The trail is about 30 feet up at one point. Hurricane Irma did make a mess of the mangroves and the 2 entrances are hard to find. Iv'e seen rattlesnakes on the island so I would avoid going off trail. As always May to October is mosquito season. Pretty tough on the island then.
撰写日期:2018年4月16日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

Tramachef
佛罗里达那不勒斯66 条分享
Great kayak destination
2017年10月 • 好友
You can take a kayak or even a boat with a shallow draft to here and spend a couple hours exploring and having lunch. The island has no facilities so you need to bring food and plenty of fluids. There are a couple raccoons that love to eat your lunch so watch your stuff. Also lots of moscitos in summer
撰写日期:2017年10月14日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

maritimeexplorer
加拿大新斯科舍3,570 条分享
Hard to Get to, but Worth the Effort
2017年4月 • 夫妻情侣
I've been coming to SW Florida for almost 40 years and have been fascinated with the history of the Calusa Indians, who once called this area their home for well over a millennia. That wasn't always the case. Before my first trip to Florida I'd heard of the Seminoles, Creeks and the Miccosukee, but it wasn't until I first walked the Shell Mound Trail in Ding Darling N.W.R. on Sanibel that I encountered the name Calusa. Since then I've been seeking out Calusa sites wherever possible, including the amazing Calusa Heritage Trail on Pine Island. However, there was one spot that I always had my eye on, but was never able to get to - that is until this week. That spot is Mound Key in Estero Bay. Here's why I wanted to get there and how I managed to do it. You can too.

The reason that most people outside of SW Florida have never heard of the Calusas is that they no longer exist and haven't for centuries. Like many other Western Hemisphere aboriginal societies, the Calusas were unable to withstand the onslaught of disease, slavery (often inflicted by other native tribes), warfare and intermarriage that the coming of the Europeans brought to the New World. In just over two hundred years from their first contact with Ponce de Leon in 1513, the Calusa, once a mighty force, were no more.

The Calusa occupied an area that ran roughly from Port Charlotte Harbor to the Florida Keys and their method of living was quite different, if not unique among North American Indian tribes. They were called the Shell Indians because they used sea shells for almost every conceivable purpose. They ate them, made weapons, tools and jewelry from them and most importantly, used shells to create their own distinct environment on which to build their structures. I must admit that when I first learned of Calusa shell mounds on that day in Sanibel, I just assumed they were kitchen middens, ancient garbage dumps, which are found throughout the world. These middens are valuable sources of knowledge for archaeologists, but there are limitations as to what you're going to find in other people's rubbish.

While some of the smaller shell mounds in SW Florida are indeed middens, the great mounds like the ones on Pine Island and on Mound Key, were deliberately made to create an elevated surface which over hundreds of years grew higher and higher. The Calusa were not hunter gatherers in the traditional sense, nor were they agriculturalists like the other Florida tribes. Instead they got almost everything they needed from the abundant waters of SW Florida, particularly the estuaries. They were expert fishermen, using spears, nets and fish traps. What they couldn't get from the sea they obtained from other tribes by way of tribute or barter. The name Calusa apparently means 'fierce' or the fierce people and from the descriptions of early Europeans it appears that they did hold sway over a much larger area than just SW Florida.

There are dozens of islands in Estero Bay and from the water they pretty well all look the same - mangrove lined and virtually inaccessible. However, if look look at an aerial photograph of Mound Key you can see that it's different from it's neighbours. There are clear signs of human intervention indicated by by the white spots and the straight lines present on Mound Key. The fact is that this was once the city of Calos, capital of the Calusa nation and home of the cacique or Calusa king. Imagine that; in a part of the state where history seems almost an afterthought to the natural attractions and great weather that attract millions of visitors a year there is a remnant of an ancient and mostly forgotten kingdom literally right in the middle of it all. Who wouldn't want to visit this place of mystery and discover a vanished civilization?

However, getting to Mound Key is not that simple. It is completely surrounded by a mangrove swamp and finding the tiny entrance will perplex even the most experienced of boaters. Add to that the fact that one can only approach this entrance way on a high tide and you've got yourself one well protected island. It's almost as if the Calusa's somehow put a curse on the place that make sure it's ancient secrets remain undiscovered. That's why I was really excited to read in the illustrious Fort Myers Beach Observer that Mound House, in conjunction with Fish Tale Marina, was offering a twice monthly tour to Mound Key. My wife and I immediately signed up for the next excursion. What follows is a description of what to expect if you want to visit Mound Key and you darn well should.

The Mound Key tour is divided into two distinct parts, both of which are essential to understanding and enjoying the visit to Mound Key. The departure point is Fish Tale Marina on the southern side of Estero Island. The tour is scheduled to run about three hours and is timed to coincide with the highest tides of the month. The cost is $55.00 which includes the $10.00 admission fee to Mound House. The boat is the Estero Bay Express which is a large pontoon boat with a captain and two mates. Also on board was Penny Jarrett, a very experienced guide, knowledgable not only about the Calusa culture, but also the flora and fauna of SW Florida.

After boarding the boat we and about a dozen others, headed for the first stop, Mound House on Fort Myers Beach which I have reviewed separately.

After visiting Mound House to get a background briefing on the Calusas, we motored out into Estero Bay and headed for Mound Key. I half expected that the island would be obvious to spot because of its elevation, but not so. The mangroves that completely surround it give one no indication from the water that Mound Key is any different from any of the other keys in Estero Bay. Also, there's absolutely no signage directing you to Mound Key. You either know how to get here or you don't. Thankfully Captain Justin found the narrow inlet in the mangroves that leads to the only place on the island that you can land anything bigger than a kayak.

This is the only indication that you are in the right spot is a sign welcoming you to Mound Key.

Captain Justin ran the boat up onto a small stretch of sand barely wider than the boat and we disembarked with the help of a set of stairs put down by the mate. Penny then led the way along the single file path that leads to the mounds. Mounds, you say? Again my ignorance shows as I expected Mound Key to be just one big mound. Rather there are three distinct mounds each believed to have served a separate purpose. The largest one probably held the home of the cacique while the smaller ones featured a Calusa temple and, improbably, a Jesuit mission. I say improbably because the Calusas were one of the very few native tribes that never converted to Christianity. However, Spanish records do mention a Jesuit mission on Mound Key. It is estimated that 1,000 or more people lived on Mound Key at that time.

You sure wouldn't know that from what's left today. The reality is that a visit to Mound Key is not going to deliver a Wow moment like some archaeological sites do, however, with a little imagination it is possible to recreate in your mind what this place must have been like a 1,000 years ago.

On the way to the mounds Penny pointed out some of the native trees and shrubs that the Calusa used to make clothing and medicines including the silk cotton tree.
The trail is muddy in just one place for about twenty feet, but after that it starts the climb up to the first mound.

By Florida standards, this is like mountain climbing. At the top there are several interpretive panels documenting the history of Mound Key. It did not end with the destruction of the Calusa empire. First there was an occupation by Cuban fishermen or ranchos that lasted a couple of hundred years and then a brief period of homesteading by Koreshans from the nearby Estero River settlement. Ultimately neither Europeans or new Americans could recreate the successful living environment that had been maintained by the Calusas for over 1,000 years.

Today, looking over the island from the highest mound it looks like a bleak and forbidding land.

Even though it's nearly ninety degrees, at the top of the mounds there is a cooling breeze blowing off the water. It's actually very nice up here even if there isn't much to see. All too soon it's time to head back and we turn back toward the boat.

Back at the marina Alison and I both agree that it's been a tremendously worthwhile excursion and one that anyone with an interest in archaeology or Florida history must do at least once. We're very glad that Mound House and Fish Tale Marina have cooperated in making this possible for everyone. Check out their websites for the next tour.
撰写日期:2017年4月10日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。

Minnesotatravelers11
outstate, Minnesota11 条分享
Calusa Indian mound site
2017年3月 • 夫妻情侣
This is a fascinating historical and archeological Calusa Indian site that dates back more than 800 years. These Indians used mounds of discarded seashells as building sites. These mounds have since been built on but have been exposed and the first cottage in the area is open to tourists. A very interesting day trip.
撰写日期:2017年3月21日
此点评为 Tripadvisor 会员所写的主观评论,并不代表 TripAdvisor LLC 的观点。
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